Who were the first Floridians? Where did they come from? What civilizations did they build here? What was their eventual fate? This lecture presents the story of the first Floridians which began during the last Ice Age, and continued to the time of historic contact with European explorers. Key sites and the archaeological projects associated with them are discussed. In addition, the history of archaeology in Florida from its earliest pioneers will be highlighted including the foundation of statewide organizations like the Florida Anthropological Society, The Florida Public Archaeology Network, and the Division of Historical Resources.